From 1882 to 1943 the United States Government severely curtailed immigration from China to the United States. This Federal policy resulted from concern over the large numbers of Chinese immigrants, competition with American workers and a growing nativism. It was the first time that federal immigration laws targeted a particular group of people. As a result, an act (22 Stat.58) was enacted on May 6, 1882 to suspend immigration of Chinese laborers; permitted those Chinese in the United States as of November 17, 1880, to stay, travel abroad, and return; prohibited the naturalization of Chinese; and created a “Section 6” exempt status for teachers, students, merchants, and travelers. –Adapted from National Archives