UNLADYLIKE2020 is a timeless and resource-rich repository of U.S. women’s histories from the early years of feminism. In honor of the centennial of women’s suffrage in 2020, we are proud to present the comprehensive biographies of 26 bold American women who broke barriers in male-dominated fields at the turn of the 20th century, and the women who now follow in their footsteps. These trailblazers excelled in science, medicine, politics, business, journalism, sports, aviation, and the arts — including the first woman to lead scientific expeditions in the Arctic, join the National Academy of Engineering, found a hospital on an American Indian reservation, serve in the U.S. Congress, become a bank president, swim across the English Channel, earn an international pilot’s license, sing opera on the main stage at Carnegie Hall, or direct a feature-length movie. Presenting history in a bold new way, our 26 digital shorts bring extraordinary stories of daring and persistence back to life through rare archival imagery, captivating original artwork and animation, and interviews with historians, descendants, and accomplished women of today who reflect on the influence of these pioneers.
Narrated by Julianna Margulies (ER, The Good Wife, Billions) and Lorraine Toussaint (Selma, Orange is the New Black, The Glorias), the series of 10 minute animated documentary shorts is available via PBS’s flagship biography series American Masters. American Masters also premiered a one-hour television special on PBS July 10, 2020, American Masters-UNLADYLIKE2020: The Changemakers, illuminating the stories of 5 trailblazers in politics and civil rights. To deepen the appeal of our content across generations, we have developed this humanities-rich, interactive website as a repository for biographies of other little-known women who changed America during the Progressive Era in U.S. history (1890s-1920s). Please use our search function to explore by Profession, Identity, Geography, and/or Historical Context. In addition, an UNLADYLIKE2020 U.S. history curriculum is available via PBS LearningMedia for grades six through 12 based on the lives and accomplishments of the 26 women featured in the series. Our curricula and educational resources meet national history standards and are applicable for distance, remote, in-person, and hybrid learning environments. UNLADYLIKE2020 is also staging community engagement and screening events in partnership with public television stations and community organizations. You can learn more about upcoming events and how to host a screening in your community here.
Bessie Coleman – First African American Woman Aviator
Grace Abbott – Social Worker Pioneer, Champion of Children, Immigrants, and Women’s Rights
Maggie Lena Walker – First African American Woman Bank President
Lillian Moller Gilbreth – Pioneering Inventor and Industrial Engineer
Ynés Mexía – Accomplished Latina Botanist
Anna May Wong – Trendsetting Movie Star and Fashion Icon
Meta Warrick Fuller – Trailblazing Sculptor and First African American Woman to Receive Federal Art Commission
Louise Arner Boyd – First Woman to Lead Arctic Expeditions
Lois Weber – First Woman to Direct a Feature-Length Film
Williamina Fleming – Trailblazing Astronomer and Discoverer of Stars
Tye Leung Schulze – Advocate for Trafficked Women and First Chinese American Woman Federal Government Employee
Rose Schneiderman – Pioneering Labor Organizer and Suffragist
Margaret Chung – First American-Born Chinese Female Doctor
Gladys Bentley – Gender-Bending Performer and Musician
Annie Smith Peck – Record-Breaking Mountaineer, Suffragist, and Educator
Susan La Flesche Picotte – First American Indian Physician
Sissieretta Jones – Opera Star and First African American Woman to Headline a Concert at Carnegie Hall
Queen Lili‘uokalani – First Sovereign Queen and Last Monarch of Hawai‘i
Gertrude Ederle – First Woman to Swim Across the English Channel
Sonora Webster Carver – Daredevil Performer and Advocate for the Blind
Mary Church Terrell – Pioneering Civil Rights Activist and Co-Founder of the NAACP
Martha Hughes Cannon – First Woman State Senator and Public Health Pioneer
Jovita Idar – Latina Journalist and Women’s and Civil Rights Activist
Charlotta Spears Bass – Newspaper Editor, Civil Rights Crusader, and First African American Woman Vice Presidential Candidate
Zitkála-Šá/Gertrude Simmons Bonnin – American Indian Composer, Author and Civil Rights Activist
Jeannette Rankin – Suffragist, Peace Activist and First Woman Member of U.S. Congress
The mission of UNLADYLIKE2020 is to inspire, engage and educate audiences in an underrepresented narrative: how women, and in particular women of color, changed America 100+ years ago — paving the way for future generations to do many ‘unladylike’ things. Because the women we feature were behaving in ways that placed them outside the mainstream of expected behaviors for ‘ladies’ at the time, the title for the series is derived from the negative perceptions which their contemporaries typically held of them. As journalist and political activist Louise Bryant (1885-1936) proclaimed in 1919, “I do not want to be treated like a lady, but I want to be treated as a human being,” and as historian Laurel Thatcher Ulrich echoed in the 1970s, “well-behaved women seldom make history.”
At the turn of the 20th century, women in the United States did not have the full right to vote, and had only recently won the right to own property or get divorced. They faced limited career and educational choices, were often expected to provide all of the childcare, and in some parts of the country were even arrested for wearing pants in public. But conditions were ripe for newfound freedoms. It was the so-called Progressive Era, and the decades from the 1890s through the 1920s were a time of rapid urbanization, industrialization, technological advancement, and reform that resulted in significant changes to the country’s social, political, cultural, and economic institutions. Women broke into new professions, stepped into leadership roles, and fought for suffrage and an end to race discrimination. While these trailblazers lived more than a century ago, we hope that their stories of overcoming unimaginable societal forces and conditions will inspire all audiences — especially the girls and women, and boys and men, of today.
By UNLADYLIKE2020 Creator and Director Charlotte Mangin:
“Several years ago my two boys and I discovered a non-fiction picture book titled Soar Elinor by Tami Lewis Brown. We were fascinated to learn for the very first time about Elinor Smith, who in 1927, at age 16, became the youngest licensed pilot in the world. When the men at her airfield expressed doubt that ‘a girl could fly,’ she took up a dare: to fly under a bridge. Doing aerial stunts, or barnstorming, was a popular form of entertainment at the time. To truly prove herself, Elinor ended up flying under all 4 bridges of New York’s East River! Dodging boat traffic in a rickety biplane, when she flew under the Brooklyn Bridge she had to tip sideways to squeeze in between two oncoming boats. The stunt earned her the nickname “Flying Flapper.” She went on to become a celebrated test pilot who broke many endurance records and worked with NASA on shuttle landing simulators late in her career.
By the end of reading this story, I was in tears. Inspired, but also deeply frustrated. Why had I never heard of Elinor Smith? Why was her story not part of mainstream history?
So I started to research Elinor Smith, and she led me to other aviators, and they led me to women in other professions at the turn of the 20th century. What I uncovered was a treasure trove of life stories, each more extraordinary than the next, of rebellious, persistent, and daring — unladylike! — women from all walks of life who overcame severe sexism and racism to pave the way for future generations of empowered women. What blew me away most of all is that a majority of the exceptional but little-known women I came across were women of color. I can only imagine the courage and determination it took to do what they did!
When I realized that the 100th anniversary of women’s suffrage was coming up in 2020, I knew there couldn’t be a more fitting time to return these stories to their rightful place in U.S. history, and ensure they are never forgotten again. I want UNLADYLIKE2020 to profoundly change our collective understanding of American history and of women’s history, and hope you will be as inspired as I am by these unsung heroes.”